[Audible] On God and Christ: The Five Theological Orations and Two Letters to Cledonius (Popular Patristics Series Book 23)Author St Gregory of Nazianzus – Schematicwiringdiagram.co

The Claims of KnowledgeSt Gregory s opponents, the Eunomians, reduced God to a set of deductive proofs Unlike the earlier Gnostics and Arians, their problem was not that God was unknowable, but that he can easily be reduced to what the mind can affirm or negate.On the SonGregory defines monotheism as single rule produced by equality of nature, harmony of will, identity of action, and the convergence towards their source of what springs from unity none of which is possible in the case of created nature 29 2 This allows numerical distinction without division in substance In this way a One eternally changes to a Two and stops at a Three.St Gregory makes an important point in saying that the Son and Holy Spirit are from God but not after him They have a cause, and thus are not unoriginate, but it is not a temporal cause He is very quick to affirm the co eternality of the Son and Holy Spirit with the Father.Gregory s VocabularyLike St Athanasius, St Gregory operates around a series of terms, which determine the debate They are Ingenerate, The Begotten, and what proceeds from the Father 28 2 Gregory is careful to affirm that Ingeneracy is not God s substance 29 12 This is a necessary point because the Son is not ingenerate since he is begotten , but the Son is of the same substance as the Father.The term Father designates neither the activity nor the substance, but the relationship which holds good between the Father and the Son 29 16 This rebuts the dilemma posed if we say that Father designates the substance, then we admit the Son is of a different substance than the Father If we say activity, then we admit the Son is a creation of the Father If we say relationship, however, we can affirm Trinitarianism.Gregory concludes by saying that each member of the Trinity is in entire unity as much with himself as with the entire partnership, by identity with being and power 31 16.One criticism observation Earlier editions translate the passage in the 3rd Theological Oration as But monarchy monarchia is what we hold in honor Here it is translated as But monotheism is what we hold in honor I have my suspicions on why this is the case, but it really doesn t detract from the overall point. This book is a great translation of St Gregory with very little editorial notes to get in the way A very pure rendering. good book This was my first venture of reading the church fathers This book was a great choice Theologically deep, philosophically relevent for today, and I like the fact they didn t pull any punches when it came to being politically correct I laughed out loud a few times The poetry in the first oration is very nice. Frederick Williams, Professor Of Greek At The Queens University In Belfast, Translated The First Oration Lionel Wickham, Formerly Lecturer In The Faculty Of Divinity At Cambridge, Translated The Other Four Orations And The Two Letters