[[ download Audible ]] The Vinland Sagas: The Norse Discovery of AmericaAuthor Unknown – Schematicwiringdiagram.co

This book is all about The Vinland Sagas, which follow the first Vikings to reach North America from Greenland and Iceland I classed it as nonfiction because much of the book is discussing Viking culture at the time and giving context, such as maps, about the sagas Although I find the Vikings fascinating, I've never read many books about them, so this was a brilliant Christmas present to receive. I read this in a slim little Penguin Classics edition which brings together The Saga of the Greenlanders and Eirik the Red's Saga (both together are about 50 pages long), together with some good introductory material and lots of informative appendices Because it's so wellcontextualised, I think this would be a very good edition to use in an undergrad classroom—the maps in particular are really excellent, though some of the introductory material is perhaps slightly out of date/not as certain as they present it (I'm not sure that Olaif the White has ever been definitely identified with Amblaíb Cunung of Dublin? I need to dig out my notes from undergrad.) Kunz' translation is also mostly pretty good, though there were times where I wished she'd intervened in the text a little , for the sake of clarity—there was one point in particular, where two Thorsteins and their wives both die, and then someone comes back from the dead and something I read it three times and I'm still not entirely sure what was going on Those quibbles aside, however, this is a good edition to use. These sagas provide great context for the Norse discovery of America They also offer a glimpse at the character and motivation of some of the chief figures in this age of discovery, especially Erik the Red and Leif Erikson The sagas also reveal importance of the colonization of Iceland and how this colonization led to further exploration. Great book, a must read if you're interest in viking history and their exploration In contain two sagas, an introduction that explain how the saga were born/created and some annexes that contain maps, glossary, and informations about ships and building of the vikings age Less dense and hard to read then I thought, it was pretty easy to go through but at the same time I've learn a lot so that's great! Love it!! Very interesting sagas, and very easy to read despite the style being rather dry, the passages too brief and devoid of details when describing anything This Penguin Classics edition comprises two sagas, the Groenlandinga Saga and the Saga of Erik the Red, the first dealing with the discovery and early settlement of Greenland and the second with the immediately following accidental discovery of Vinland (actual North America), both by intrepid Norwegian vikings sailing out of their most recent colony of Iceland Although the main man in both is Leif Eiriksson (Leif the Lucky), eldest son of Eirik Thorvaldsson (Eirik the Red), it's not only about him or his father's exploits Both sagas also gives credit to the first Norseman who sighted America, Bjarni Herfjölfsson (though he never landed, just sighted the land) and includes the voyages of the next four people after Leif who sailed to and tried to establish themselves in Vinland: Thorvald Eiriksson, another of Eirik the Red's sons, and Thorstein Eiriksson, also a son of the same whom illness prevented from reaching Vinland; then Thorfinn Karlsefni, the first who attempted to establish permanent colonies and settle down in Vinland, going as far as fathering a child while in the precarious little Norse settlement, who'd be the first European born in America if the saga is true; and Freydis Eiriksdóttir, daughter of the Red Yes, there was actually a woman amongst the discoverers 'Tis a pity she turned out to beer, something else. I’ve actually read the Vinland Sagas before, though not in this translation Back in the 90s I was also lucky enough to visit the site of the Norse settlement at L’Anse Aux Meadows, in Newfoundland You might say the subject interests me!This translation confirms my previous impression, which is that I prefer the Greenlanders’ Saga to Eirik The Red’s Saga The former is a bitgrounded in reality, whereas the latter has been embellished to include stories of mythical beasts and the like, something medieval storytellers were fond of doing These two Sagas aren’t the greatest pieces of literature, but they are of course priceless records of the extraordinary Norse voyages to North America.This edition comes with a longish but excellent introduction by the translators, Magnus Magnusson and Hermann Pálsson, two Icelanders who spent most of their lives living in Edinburgh. Four stars or not, it is hard for me to write excitedly about the Penguin Classics Edition of the Vineland Sagas The very short book consist of some accessible and generally interesting introduction and very helpful maps and notes by Gisli Sigurdsson and the Sagas of The Greenlanders and Erik the Red both translated by Keneve Sigurdsson Total page count is about 100.My notion of the importance of sagas is that they combine history, local legends and perhaps enough facts to transmit travel directions to the careful reader That is sagas should be somewhat like a Bible, being the oral traditions, and history and generally the main way to carry vital information forward across generations More than incidentally these particular sagas reflect the arrival of Christianity among the Vikings with some obvious changes in priorities and emphasis.Speaking only of this translation, for this is the only version I know; these sagas read like academic documents They seem edited to be dry, documentary, summary and absent any of the kinds of drama and entertainment that would keep pagans, adult or children wide eyed at the communal fireside Look elsewhere for the heroics of Beowulf Check your insurance before you depend on these sagas as your sailing directions while exploring in an open boat with neither back up compass nor web based aps The sagas do recite the same stories we heard in school about European discovery of Greenland, so named as a sales ploy to promote immigration and do not expect to be thrilled by the early battles between the Viking settlers on what they called Vineland and would come 500 years later to be called America ( exactly the Canadian Maritime) and the ‘Skraelings’ This being the earlier Viking name for most likely Eskimos Or perhaps what the Canadians now call the people of the First Nations I rather wish we could have played cowboys and skræingjar (plural) However here the fights were not steel and gunpowder, versus bows and arrows, but rather iron verses large number of locals Where Iron won, the sagas got to be written My decision to read the Vineland Sagas was to learn about the tales of early travelers and nonGrecoRoman mythologies This deck chair exploration is academically interesting, but too sanitized I'm fascinated by history and pseudoarcheology, so this seemed like a great way of dipping my toe into the Icelandic Sagas, which I've been meaning to get around to for quite a while now It was fascinating to read both accounts and try to contemplate imagine where all along the coast they'd been, what all they'd seen, and what future encampments we might be able to find in the future.This particular edition was pretty cool in that it had footnotes confirming the existence of various structures mentioned in the verses chapels, barns, etc and the excellent (though dated) introduction that gives an abbreviated history of Iceland Greenland.That being said, I think I would have enjoyed Eirik's saga on its own meritsif I hadn't read them back to back Reading them back to back makes it easier to compare the conflicting historical accounts which is good for historical purposes but it just highlights the parts where Christianity was shoehorned in, giving it a bigger role than it probably had in reality.An extra star awarded just because I love pseudoarcheology despite fully acknowledging the validity of the pseudo prefix (I can't help it it's just so entertaining to read about the Knights Templar exploring the Grand Canyon or Ancient Egyptians having light bulbs.) AcknowledgementsIntroduction NotesFurther ReadingA Note on the Translation The Vinland Sagas The Saga of the GreenlandersEirik the Red's SagaNotesReference Section:MapsFamily TreeChronology of the 'Vinland Sagas'ShipsThe FarmSocial, Political and Legal StructureGlossaryIndexes of Characters and Places One of the most arresting stories in the history of exploration, these two Icelandic sagas tell of the discovery of America by Norsemen five centuries before Christopher Columbus Together, the direct, forceful twelfthcentury Grænlendinga Saga and the polished and scholarly Eirik's Saga, written some hundred years later, recount how Eirik the Red founded an Icelandic colony in Greenland and how his son, Leif the Lucky, later sailed south to exploreand if possible exploitthe chance discovery by Bjarni Herjolfsson of an unknown land In spare and vigorous prose they record Europe's first surprise glimpse of the eastern shores of the North American continent and the natives who inhabited them